Kondo Hiroyuki
   Department   School of Medicine  Ophthalmology, Clinical Medical Sciences
   Position  
Article types journal article
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Pituitary Macroadenoma and Visual Impairment: Postoperative Outcome Prediction with Contrast-Enhanced FIESTA.
Journal Formal name:AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology
Abbreviation:AJNR Am J Neuroradiol
ISSN code:1936959X/01956108
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 38(11),2067-2072頁
Author and coauthor Hisanaga S, Kakeda S, Yamamoto J, Watanabe K, Moriya J, Nagata T, Fujino Y, Kondo H, Nishizawa S, Korogi Y
Publication date 2017/09
Summary BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Contrast-enhanced FIESTA can depict anterior optic pathways in patients with large suprasellar tumors. We assessed whether the degree of kink in the optic nerve at the optic canal orifice on contrast-enhanced FIESTA correlates with the postoperative improvement of visual impairment in patients with pituitary macroadenoma.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Thirty-one patients with pituitary macroadenoma who underwent preoperative MR imaging and an operation were evaluated. We measured the optic nerve kinking angle on sagittal oblique contrast-enhanced FIESTA parallel to the optic nerve; the optic nerve kinking angle was defined as the angle between a line parallel to the planum sphenoidale and a line parallel to the intracranial optic nerve at the optic canal orifice. We used logistic regression analyses to determine whether the clinical (sex, age, and duration of symptoms) and imaging (tumor height, chiasmal compression severity, hyperintense optic nerve on T2WI, and optic nerve kinking angle) characteristics were associated with the postoperative improvement (good-versus-little improvement) of visual acuity disturbance and visual field defect.RESULTS:There were 53 impaired sides before the operation: 2 sides with visual acuity disturbance alone, 25 with visual field defect alone, and 26 with both. After the operation, good improvement was found in 17 of the 28 sides with visual acuity disturbance and in 32 of the 51 sides with visual field defects. Only the optic nerve kinking angle was significantly associated with good improvement of the visual acuity disturbance (P = .011) and visual field defect (P = .002).CONCLUSIONS:The degree of the optic nerve kinking angle was an independent predictor of postoperative improvement, indicating that irreversible damage to the optic nerve may be associated with its kinking at the optic canal orifice.
DOI 10.3174/ajnr.A5394
PMID 28912278