Shibata Eiji
   Department   School of Medicine  Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Medical Sciences
Article types journal article
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Factors associated with occupation changes after pregnancy/delivery: result from Japan Environment & Children's pilot study.
Journal Formal name:BMC women's health
Abbreviation:BMC Womens Health
ISSN code:14726874/14726874
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 18(1),86頁
Author and coauthor ◎Suga Reiko, Tsuji Mayumi, Tanaka Rie, Shibata Eiji, Tanaka Masayuki, Senju Ayako, Araki Shunsuke, Morokuma Seiichi, Sanefuji Masafumi, Oda Masako, Mise Nathan, Baba Yosuke, Hayama-Terada Mina, Kusuhara Koichi, Mitsubuchi Hiroshi, Katoh Takahiko, Kawamoto Toshihiro
Publication date 2018/06
Summary BACKGROUND:In Japan, although the number of females who continue to work after marriage has recently increased, the proportion of those working while parenting their infants is still not clearly increasing, indicating that it is still difficult for them to continue working after delivery. The present study aimed to clarify factors influencing females' continuation of work, using data obtained by continuously following up the same subjects and focusing on occupation changes, family environments, and the type of employment after pregnancy or delivery.METHODS:Based on the results of the questionnaire survey, which was conducted involving 164 participants at 4 universities, as part of the Japan Environment and Children's Pilot Study (JECS Pilot Study) led by the Ministry of Environment and the National Institute for Environmental Studies, the occupational status was compared between the detection of pregnancy (weeks 0 to 7) and 1 year after delivery.RESULTS:<Non-regular employees> compared with <regular employees> changed their occupations significantly more frequently (OR = 5.07, 95% CI = 2.57-10.01, P < 0.001). Furthermore, on examining <non-regular employees> in detail, occupation changes were particularly marked among <part-time and short-term contract employees> (OR = 12.48, 95% CI = 4.43-35.15, P < 0.001). This tendency was especially shown among <those engaged in specialized or technical work> > (OR = 10.36, 95% CI = 1.59-67.38, P = 0.014) and < <those engaged in clerical work or management> > (OR = 15.15, 95% CI = 2.55-90.17, P = 0.003).CONCLUSIONS:Analysis revealed that the type of employment, rather than the category of occupation, was associated with the continuation of work after pregnancy or delivery more closely, as <non-regular employees> compared with <regular employees> continued to work less frequently. Furthermore, on comparison of the category of occupation among <regular employees>, <those
DOI 10.1186/s12905-018-0575-3
PMID 29871634